Types of Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)

Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease

Cervical degenerative disc disease is less common than DDD in the lumbar spine because there is substantially less force exerted across the cervical spine during normal motion. Sometimes, however, an injury to a disc in the cervical region of the spine may start a cascade of degenerative disc disease that leads to chronic neck or arm pain.


Lumbar DDD

Lumbar degenerative disc disease is a gradual process that commonly compromises the lumbar spine. The intervertebral discs in the lumbar spine are structures prone to the degenerative changes associated with wear and tear, aging, and misuse (e.g. smoking). Degenerative disc changes in the lumbar spine often cause the loss of normal structure or loss of function in the legs.


Thoracic DDD

Thoracic degenerative disc disease is not as common as lumbar or cervical degenerative disc disease due to the natural resistance of the middle and upper back regions to the typical degenerative changes which are part of the aging process. The thoracic spine is not meant to enable significant vertebral level movement. Instead, it is designed primarily as a protective and supportive structure which safeguards our bodily organs and forms the framework of the ribcage.

The Bonati Spine Institute encourages patients with degenerative disc disease to contact us to request a no-obligation MRI review or discuss your condition with one of our medical professionals. Find out if you are a candidate for The Bonati Spine Procedures.